Markings are generally characterized by any sort of coat pattern that is displayed above or on top of the base coat color. Markings are broken down based on which locus they appear on in the phae genome.

 

The Countershading Locus

The countershading locus will never cover more than 70% of the base coat.

 

Minimal Countershading – nCs

Minimal countershading is transparent in color, with the dorsal line being a shade darker than the base coat and the underline a shade lighter than the base coat. It can also cause dappling. 

 

Maximum Countershading – CsCs

Maximum countershading is expressed as primarily dark dorsal markings and primarily light underline markings. These can reflect any sort of cervid’s and some bovidae’s natural dark top-line and light underline type markings, such as the kudu, white tail deer, roe deer, gazelle, antelope, reindeer, black buck, springbok, bontebok and oryx.

 

Minimal Reverse Countershading – nRc

Minimal reverse countershading is transparent in color, with the dorsal line being a shade lighter than the base coat and the underline a shade darker than the base coat. It can also cause dappling. 

 

Maximum Reverse Countershading – RcRc

Maximum reverse countershading is expressed as primarily light dorsal markings and primarily dark underline markings. These can reflect any sort of cervid’s and some bovidae’s natural markings, such as the kudu, white tail deer, roe deer, gazelle, antelope, reindeer, black buck, springbok, bontebok and oryx.

 

Combined Countershading and Reverse Countershading – CsRc

Combined countershading and reverse countershading is expressed by primarily light or dark markings (two shades of light or two shades of dark) with origin at either the top- or under-line. Markings may extend from one line to the other at the neck, head, belly and rear legs.

 

Countershading Overview

  • Countershading Appendix
  • Reverse Countershading Appendix
  • Combined Countershading and Reverse Countershading Appendix

 


The Fawn Locus

Carrier: none

 

Minimum Fawn Spots – nFwn

This gene is characterized by fawn spots falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Maximum Fawn Spots – FwnFwn

This expression is characterized by fawn spots falling on the cheek, neck, shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Fawn Gene Overview

 

Minimum Kudu – nFwk

This expression is characterized by light kudu stripes falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Maximum Kudu – FwkFwk

This expression is characterized by light kudu stripes falling on the neck, body and rump of a phae.

 

Kudu Gene Overview

  • Kudu Gene Appendix

 

Minimum Rosette – nFwt

This expression is characterized by rosettes falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Maximum Rosette – FwtFwt

This expression is characterized by rosettes falling on the cheek, neck, shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Rosette Gene Overview

  • Rosette Gene Appendix

 

Fawn Spot and Kudu Interaction – FwnFwk

This expression is characterized by light kudu stripes falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae with fawn spots intermingled with the stripes or combined with the stripes to create a spotted stripe appearance.

 

Combined Fawn Spot and Kudu Gene Overview

  • Combined Fawn Spot and Kudu Gene Appendix

 

Fawn Spot and Rosette Interaction – FwnFwt

This expression is characterized by elongated blocks of markings intermingled with fawn spots. These markings tend to be blocky and slightly geometric in shape, but always appear organic with rounded edges.

 

Combined Fawn Spot and Rosette Gene Overview

  • Combined Fawn Spot and Rosette Gene Appendix

 

Kudu and Rosette Interaction – FwkFwt

This expression is characterized by light kudu stripes falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae with rosettes intermingled with the stripes or combined with the stripes to create a spotted stripe appearance.

 

Combined Kudu and Rosette Gene Overview

  • Combined Kudu and Rosette Gene Appendix

 

Watermarked

Watermarked alone creates a merle-like pattern on the base coat, but when paired with the Fawn Locus and sometimes the Countershading Locus, it can influence their appearance as well.

 

Carrier: nwa

 

Watermarked – wawa

Watermarked when expressed without any fawn or countershading genes creates transparent, merle-like patterns of dark and light on top of the base coat.

 

Watermarked Overview

 

Watermarked Minimal Countershading – wawa/nCs

Minimal countershading is transparent in color, with the dorsal line being a shade darker than the base coat and the underline a shade lighter than the base coat. It can also cause dappling. While still transparent, when combined with watermarked, the edges become more defined and jagged. These markings may extend from both top- and under-line.

 

Watermarked Minimal Reverse Countershading – wawa/nRc

Minimal reverse countershading is transparent in color, with the dorsal line being a shade lighter than the base coat and the underline a shade darker than the base coat. It can also cause dappling. While still transparent, when combined with watermarked, the edges become more defined and jagged. These markings may extend from both top- and under-line. 

 

Countershading Overview

  • Watermarked Countershading Appendix
  • Watermarked Countershading Appendix

 

Watermarked Minimum Fawn Spots – wawa/nFwn

This gene is characterized by fawn sized spots to giraffe shaped and sized spots falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae. Fawn sized spots must be dark in color, while giraffe sized spots can be either dark or light in color.

 

Watermarked Maximum Fawn Spots – wawa/FwnFwn

This expression is characterized by fawn sized spots to giraffe shaped and sized spots falling on the cheek, neck, shoulder, body and rump of a phae. Fawn sized spots must be dark in color, while giraffe sized spots can be either dark or light in color.

 

Fawn Gene Overview

  • Watermarked Fawn Gene Appendix

 

Watermarked Minimum Kudu – wawa/nFwk

This expression is characterized by dark kudu stripes falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Watermarked Maximum Kudu – wawa/FwkFwk

This expression is characterized by dark kudu stripes falling on the neck, body and rump of a phae.

 

Kudu Gene Overview

  • Watermarked Kudu Gene Appendix

 

Watermarked Minimum Rosette – wawa/nFwt

This expression is characterized by large rosettes (giraffe-sized) with dark exterior and light interior or light exterior and dark interior falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Watermarked Maximum Rosette – wawa/FwtFwt

This expression is characterized by large rosettes (giraffe-sized) with dark exterior and light interior or light exterior and dark interior falling on the cheek, neck, shoulder, body and rump of a phae.

 

Rosette Gene Overview

  • Watermarked Rosette Gene Appendix

 

Watermarked Fawn Spot and Kudu Interaction – wawa/FwnFwk

This expression is characterized by dark kudu stripes falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae with dark fawn sized spots to giraffe shaped and sized spots intermingled with the stripes or combined with the stripes to create a spotted stripe appearance. All markings should be dark in color for this expression.

 

Combined Fawn Spot and Kudu Gene Overview

  • Watermarked Combined Fawn Spot and Kudu Gene Appendix

 

Watermarked Fawn Spot and Rosette Interaction – wawa/FwnFwt

This expression is characterized by elongated blocks of markings intermingled with fawn spots. These markings tend to be blocky and slightly geometric in shape, but always appear organic with rounded edges. The watermarked expression tends to create fewer and larger blocks of markings with fewer breaks in the markings and less spots.

 

Combined Fawn Spot and Rosette Gene Overview

  • Watermarked Combined Fawn Spot and Rosette Gene Appendix

 

Watermarked Kudu and Rosette Interaction – wawa/FwkFwt

This expression is characterized by dark kudu stripes falling on the shoulder, body and rump of a phae with large rosettes (giraffe-sized) with dark exterior and light interior intermingled with the stripes or combined with the stripes to create a spotted stripe appearance.All markings should be primarily dark in color for this expression.

 

Combined Kudu and Rosette Gene Overview

  • Watermarked Combined Kudu and Rosette Gene Appendix

White Factor

White factor is characterized as white pinto, appaloosa or pintaloosa markings appearing over the base coat and all other markings on a phae’s body. White factor must cover at least 8% of the phae’s body at minimum. At maximum, it can cover 100% of the body in white.

 

Carrier: nwf or wfwf without any pt or lp genes

 

Pinto White Factor – wfwf/npt or ptpt

Pinto markings can represent any sort of paint or pinto markings found in horses. These range from tobiano to tovero to overo to splash to medicine hat to sabino, etc. If it exists in horses, it can exist in phae.

 

Leopard White Factor – wfwf/nlp or lplp

Leopard markings can represent any sort of appaloosa markings found in horses. These can range from blanket to snowflake to few spots to leopard to peacock, etc. If it exists in horses, it can exist in phae.

 

Pintaloosa White Factor – wfwf/npt or ptpt/nlp or lplp

Pintaloosa markings can represent any sort of combination of pinto and leopard markings found in horses. Creativity is welcome when combining these markings, but they should remain realistic and it is recommended to use real pintaloosa horses as an example for creating these designs.


 

Chimera

Chimera is present when two embryos fuse in utero to form one fetus with multiple different coat colors and markings. One patch of chimera must cover at least 8% of the phae’s body at minimum, while the other 92% is the other color of chimera. There are no genes linked to this mutation, and as such, it is not inherited like other markings.

 

Albino

Albino is characterized by an entirely creamy white body and pink skin, hooves and eyes. There are no genes linked to this mutation, and as such, it is not inherited like other markings.